Detener la Subrogación Ahora

Somos hombres y mujeres de diversos orígenes étnicos, religiosos, culturales, y económicos de todas las regiones del mundo. Nos unimos con la finalidad de expresar nuestra preocupación por las mujeres y niños que son explotados por medio de la subrogación y el embarazo de contrato.

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Juntos afirmamos el profundo anhelo que muchos tienen para ser padres. Sin embargo, no se deben de sobrepasar límites con tal de conseguir lo que se quiere. Es por esto que existen los derechos humanos, los cuales proporcionan información clara que describe dichos límites. Afirmamos que la subrogación se debe de parar, ya que es un abuso grave de la mujer y los derechos humanos de los niños.

La subrogación generalmente consiste en explotar a mujeres de bajos recursos que harían lo que sea por generar dinero, y las personas de altos recursos aprovechan de sus circunstancias para hacer uso de su cuerpo. Una de las partes negativas de estos acuerdos es la falta de información. A esto nos referimos a diferentes puntos: no se les da un pago justo que cubra los servicios que esto requiere. No son informadas sobre los riesgos a corto y largo plazo que su cuerpo puede sufrir. Aparte de no estar enteradas de los cuidados personales que deberían de tener, ya que su cuerpo está siendo sometido a cambios drásticos que se deben de tomar en cuenta.

El proceso médico para la subrogación trae consigo riesgos tanto para la madre subrogada, como para la madre genética, y el embrión que es sometido a técnicas de reproducción asistida. Los riesgos para las mujeres incluyen el síndrome de híper estimulación de ovario (SHO), torsión ovárica, quistes ováricos, dolor pélvico crónico, menopausia prematura, pérdida de la fertilidad, cánceres reproductivos, generación de coágulos sanguíneos, enfermedades renales, infartos cerebrales, y, en algunos casos, la muerte. Las mujeres que quedan embarazadas con óvulos de otra mujer están en mayor riesgo de preclampsia e hipertensión arterial. Los niños creados por medio de tecnologías de reproducción asistida, como la subrogación, también se enfrentan a riesgos de salud que incluyen: parto prematuro, muerte fetal, bajo peso al nacer, anomalías fetales, y presión arterial alta.

Un embarazo subrogado rompe intencionalmente el vínculo materno natural que se produce en el embarazo. Dicho vínculo biológico entre madre e hijo es innegablemente íntimo, y al ser interrumpido, se crean repercusiones duraderas en ambos lados. Malamente, existen lugares donde la subrogación está legalizada, y por lo tanto institucionalizada. Creemos que la práctica de la subrogación comercial es equivalente a la compra y venta de niños. Incluso en casos donde la subrogación se da sin fines comerciales, es decir, como un servicio “altruista,” deben de ser prohibidos, ya que sigue siendo una práctica que somete a la mujer y al embrión en riesgos fatales.

Por cada uno de dichos puntos expresados anteriormente, creemos que la subrogación es un acto que debe de ser castigado por la ley, ya que es una amenaza contra vidas inocentes y se presta para el abuso del cuerpo de otra mujer. Los hijos se dan de una manera plenamente natural. No es algo que se consigue como un deseo; una vida es mucho más que eso. Hoy en día la gente se olvida de los procesos naturales y óptimos para crear una vida, y por esto comienzan las ideas de heterosexuales, homosexuales y solteros por elección de “conseguir” un hijo sólo por un deseo. Juntos le pedimos al gobierno y líderes de la comunidad internacional que nos unamos a trabajar para poner fin a esta práctica.

 

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Original Individual Signatories:


Kathleen Sloan
Feminist leader, activist, and author
USA
  Phyllis Chesler, Ph.D.
Emerita Professor of Psychology, Feminist activist, Scholar and Author of Sacred Bond: The Legacy of Baby M
USA
  Marjorie Murphey Campbell, J.D.
Founder of NewFeminism.co
USA
Renate Klein, Ph.D.
Biologist, social scientist, and coordinator FINRRAGE (Feminist International Network of Resistance to Reproductive and Genetic Engineering)
Australia
  Ruchira Gupta
Founder and President, Apne Aap Women Worldwide
India
  Jennifer Lahl
Founder and President of the Center for Bioethics and Culture Network
USA
Janice G. Raymond, Ph.D.
Professor Emerita University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and author of Women as Wombs: Reproductive Technologies and the Battle Over Women’s Freedom
USA
  Kajsa Ekis Ekman
author of Being and Being Bought: Prostitution, Surrogacy and the Split Self
Sweden
  Jessica Kern
Product of a surrogate pregnancy
USA
Sylviane Agacinski
Feminist philosopher, author of Corps en Miettes
France
  Gail Robinson
“Surrogate” Mother
USA
  Michel Onfray
Philosopher and Writer
France
Farida Akhter
Women’s rights and health activist
Bangladesh
  Tanya Lynn
Surrogate mother
USA
  Gary Powell
LGBT activist and public administration campaigner
United Kingdom
Elisa Anne Gomez
Surrogate mother
USA
  Donna Hughes
Eleanor M. and Oscar M. Endowed Chair in Women’s Studies, University of Rhode Island
USA
  Helen Alvare, J.D.
Professor of Law, George Mason University School of Law
USA
Gaëlle Cariati
Graduate student in International Relations from University of Calabria
Italy
  Julie Bindel,
Writer, author, broadcaster, and feminist campaigner against violence against women and children
United Kingdom
  Deborah Hornstra
M.A. Health Advocacy, Sarah Lawrence College
USA
Gertrud Åström
Gender equality expert, feminist activist, president of the Swedish Women’s Lobby
Sweden
  Lord David Alton
Member of British Parliament
United Kingdom
  Matthew Eppinette
Executive Director, The Center for Bioethics and Culture
USA
Robert Oscar Lopez, Ph.D.
President of the International Children’s Rights Institute
USA
  Alana Newman
Founder of The Anonymous Us Project and Advocate for Donor-Conceived People
USA
  Charles C. Camosy, Ph.D.
Associate professor of theological and social ethics, Fordham University
USA
Christopher White
Director of Research and Education, The Center for Bioethics and Culture
USA
  C. Ben Mitchell, Ph.D.
Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, Graves Professor of Moral Philosophy, Union University
USA
  Evan Grae Davis
Filmmaker and director of It’s a Girl
USA
Katy Doran
Donor Conceived Activist
USA
  Matt Doran
Founder of the free social network: www.DonorChildren.com
Donor Conceived Advocate Connecting Biological Family and the Community
USA
  Claudia Corrigan D’Arcy
Board Member of Adoption Rights Coalition
USA
Jeffrey M. Togman, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Political Science and Film at Seton Hall University
Director of the film We’re Not Blood
USA
  Cathi Swett, J.D.
Attorney and Adult Adoptee Advocate
USA
  Mirah Riben
Author of The Stork Market: America’s Multi-Billion Dollar Unregulated Adoption Industry
USA
Miriam Grossman, M.D.
Adolescent and adult psychiatrist and women’s health activist. Author Unprotected and You’re Teaching My Child WHAT?
USA
  Melinda Tankard Reist
Writer, feminist, activist
Australia
  Nkechi Asogwa, M.D.
President,
Doctors Health Initiative
Nigeria
Adesuwa Onyenokwe
Publisher and Editor in chief
of TW Magazine
Nigeria
  Ego Egonu, M.D.
Physician, Derry Clinics
Nigeria
  Sanjay Khanna
Convener, Socio-Economic Welfare Society
India
Babita Khanna
Gen. Secretary, Socio-Economic Welfare Society
India
  Lalit Pasricha
Project Coordinator, Socio-Economic Welfare Society
Canada
  Eliette Abécassis
Writer, author of Qumran and La Répudiée, which inspired Amos Gitai’s film Kadosh
France
Johanna Langhorst
Reporter
Sweden
  Eberechukwu Okey-Onyema
Executive Director, Healthy Living and Women Empowerment Initiative
Nigeria
  Annika Lundegårdh, R.N.
Nurse and President of the Women’s Committee of the Centre Party in Uppsala
Sweden
Nina Björk
Author
Sweden
  Ebon Kram
Chairman
Sweden
  Erika Beckman
Chairman, National Organization Against Sexual Abuse
Sweden
Jane Eriksson
Vice-Chairman, National Organization Against Sexual Abuse
Sweden
      Yvonne Hirdman
Professor of Women’s History at the Gothenburg University
Sweden
Karin Svensson
Chairwoman, Roks, The National Organization for Women´s Shelter and Young Women’s Shelter
Sweden
  Ebba Witt-Brattstrom
Author, Feminist, and Professor in Nordic Literature, University of Helsinki
Finland
  Nina Rose, M.D.
Vice President, Swedish Women Doctor’s Society
Sweden
Caroline Norma, Ph.D.
Lecturer in Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University
Australia
  Jorunn Friis Reset
Organisational secretary, Women’s Front
Norway
   
Helen Pringle, Ph.D.
Senior Lecturer in the School of Social Sciences, University of New South Wales
Australia
  Seyran Duran
Chairman of the Kurdistan Women’s Association in Sweden
Sweden
  Ruth Nordström
President of Scandinavian Human Rights Lawyers
Sweden
Rebecca Ahlstrand
Attorney, Scandinavian Human Rights Lawyers
Sweden
  Maria Mies, Ph.D.
Founding member of FINRRAGE (Feminist International Network of Resistance to Reproductive and Genetic Engineering)
Germany
  Shagufta Omar
President, Pakistan Chapter of the International Muslim Women Union
General Secretary, Women’s Aid Trust
Pakistan
Mia Fahlén, M.D.
Senior Consultant Surgeon
Sweden
  Ana Reis, M.D.
Feminist physician, former representative of FINRRAGE
Brazil
  Viviane Teitelbaum
President, European Women’s Lobby
Belgium
Myfanwy Cummerford
Donor conceived advocate and Founder of TangledWebs
Australia
  Isla MacGregor
Tasmanian Public Interest Advocate, Whistleblowers Tasmania
Australia
  Simone Andrea
Survivor of Prostitution, Director of NorMAC
Australia
Martine Segalen
Professor Emeritus in Ethnology, Université Paris Ouest
France
  Genevieve Couraud
President of the Observatoire Droits des Femmes CG-13
President of ECVF, Politicians Against Violence Against Women
France
  Yvette Roudy
Former Minister for Women’s Rights
France
Irene Tabellion
President, La Lune, L’Association Strasbourgeoise de Femmes Homosexuelles
France
  Marie-Josèphe Bonnet, Ph.D.
Historian of Women, Arts, and the Second World War
France
  Anne-Yvonne Le Dain
Deputy, Socialist Party
France
Elfriede Hammerl
Journalist and Writer
Austria
  Nora Tenenbaum
Representative, Coordination of Associations for the Right to Abortion and Contraception
France
  Maya Surduts
Representative Coordination of Associations for the Right to Abortion and Contraception
France
Nnenna Chikezie
Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development
Nigeria
  Alice Schwarzer
Editor of EMMA and co-founder of Mouvement de Liberation des Femmes (MLF)
Germany
  Nathalie Heinich
Sociologist and Research director at Le Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
France
Monette Vacquin
Psychoanalyst and author of Frankenstein et les Délires de la Raison and Main Basse sur les Vivants
France
  José Bové
Member of the European Parliament (Green Group), Former Chairman of Confederation Paysanne / Via Campesina, and Founding member of ATTAC France
France
  Emma Sahlén Grip
Press Officer, National Organization for Women’s and Girls Shelters in Sweden, Roks
Sweden
Arun Dohle
Executive Director of Against Child Trafficking
Germany
  Roelie Post
Author of Romania for Export Only: the Untold Story of the Romanian Orphans
The Netherlands
  Anjali Pawar
Director, Sakhee Pune
India
Gita Ramaswamy
Concerned activist for child rights
India
  Jin Vilsgaard
Contact person for ACT
Denmark
  Kat Pinder
Sex trade survivor activist and Member, Amnesty International against pimps and buyers
Australia
Martine Billard
Deputy of Paris 2002-2012, secretary of the delegation for women’s rights of the National Assembly 2007-2012, author of a proposition of law against violence against women in 2007 with Marie-George Buffet
France
  Gloria Casas Vila
Spanish/Swiss activist against prostitution and surrogacy
  Etienne Dujardin
Lawyer
Belgium
Sophie Heine, Ph.D.
Senior Research Fellow at Egmont, Royal Institute for International Relations
Belgium
  Josina Kamerling
Head of Regulatory Outreach
Belgium
  Michel Ghins
Action for family, President
Belgium
Xavier Lombard
Companies founder
Belgium
  Bernard Michelet
Companies administrator
Belgium
  Tara Hewitt
LGBT Activist
United Kingdom

 

Organizational Signatories:


Swedish Women Doctor’s Society
Sweden
Roks, The National Organization for Women’s Shelter and Young Women´s Shelter
Sweden
Swedish Women’s Lobby
Sweden
Kurdistan Women’s Association in Sweden
Sweden
Women’s Organisation’s Committee on Alcohol and Drug Issues
Sweden
European Women’s Lobby
Belgium
LeCorp
France
La Lune, L’Association Strasbourgeoise de Femmes Homosexuelles
France
Coordination of Associations for the Right to Abortion and Contraception
France
Cercle d’Etude de Réformes Féministes (CERF)
France
EMMA
Germany
Against Child Trafficking (ACT)
The Netherlands
Sakhee Pune
India
The Center for Bioethics and Culture
USA
FINRRAGE
Australia
Women’s Bioethics Alliance
Australia
Scandinavian Human Rights Lawyers
Norway
Se non ora quando – Libere
Italy
Generazione Famiglia
Italy
Make Mothers Matter
France

 

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